Cerebral Palsy: Causes, Types, and Physiotherapy Treatments

In cerebral palsy (Cerebrum means brain, Palsy means paralysis)

Cerebral palsy is a neurological disease of the brain that occurs due to any trauma, disease or disorder. Cerebral palsy is a brain developmental disease of children that affects movement.

Types of cerebral palsy

   1. Spastic cerebral palsy
   2. Ataxic cerebral palsy
   3. Athetoid cerebral palsy
   4. Mixed type of cerebral palsy

Causes of cerebral palsy

A. Prenatal 

  • Maternal infection
  • Injury of the fetus
  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Nutritional deficiency of the pregnant mother
  • Multiple fetuses
  • Frequent pregnancy

B. Inter-natal

  • Birth trauma
  • Breach delivery
  • Hypoxia during birth
  • Prolong labor (decrease oxygen level of the fetus)
  • Asphyxia neonatorum

C. Post-natal

  • Low birth weight
  • Neonatal Jaundice (Bilirubin > 40 
  • Meningitis and other viral infections

Physiotherapy treatment of Cerebral palsy

  1. Assessment
  2. Rolling
  3. Sitting
  4. Active / Passive facilitation by using basketball
  5. Sitting to stand
  6. walking bar
  7. Shoulder joint mobilization exercise
  8. Pelvic tilting exercise
  9. Orthotic device
  10. Splinting
  11. Correction of posture using a posture corrector
  12. Grip strengthening by using hand exerciser
  13. Step stool
  14. Kinesthetic taping
  15. Leucoplaster
  16. Plaster of Paris
  17. Balance practice by using physio ball
  18. Wheelchair training
  19. Walking with crutch
  20. Occupational therapy
  21. Speech therapy
  22. Diet chart for proper nutrition
  23. Stretching exercise
  24. Mobilization exercise
  25. Active and passive range of motion exercise
  26. Strengthening by using resistance
  27. Interferential therapy
  28. TENS therapy
  29. Exercise using theraband
  30. Gait training
  31. Vibration therapy
  32. Sensory stimulation

Other treatments

1. Erb's palsy

2. Physiotherapy for frozen shoulder

3. When to Have Back Surgery for Herniated Disc

4. Physiotherapy for ankle: Easy to cure

5. The role of physical therapists in wound management

6. Facial nerve recovery exercises [helpful for you]

7. Physiotherapy Exercise for Knee Pain

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Last updated: 20/4/2020

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